Excavation is the most time-honored archaeological tool for understanding the processes of the human past, and it certainly represents the type of activity that most people attribute to archaeology.
As a definition, excavation is simply the controlled exploration of what lies below the surface, usually carried out systematically in gridded trenches with shovel and trowel.
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If your article is concerned with the use of an established technique, please consider our sister journal Benefits to authors We also provide many author benefits, such as free PDFs, a liberal copyright policy, special discounts on Elsevier publications and much more.
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All dating methods have advantages and disadvantages.
Sometimes we have no choice since only one method can be applied to our particular site.