Archaeological material, such as assemblages of pottery or the deposited with burials, are arranged into chronological order.
The types that comprise the assemblages to be ordered in this way must be from the same archaeological tradition, and from a single region or locality.
Outside evidence, such as dating of two or more stages in the development, may be needed to determine which is the first and which the last member of the series.
There are several types of seriation: SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronology CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The process by which an archaeologist determines dates for objects, deposits, buildings, etc., in an attempt to situate a given phenomenon in time.
Overview of Methods Superposition Stratigraphy Dendrochronology Radiocarbon C14 Radiometric Dating Methods Obsidian Hydration Dating Paleomagnetic/Archaeomagnetic Luminescence Dating Methods Amino Acid Racemization Fission-track Dating Ice Cores Varves Pollens Corals Cation Ratio Fluorine Dating Patination Oxidizable Carbon Ratio Electron Spin Resonance Cosmic-ray Exposure Dating This is an excellent overview of dating methodologies, and is a chapter in a textbook on Archaeology.
You may find it useful for the clear definitions, and for excellent links on a variety of topic.
, in which figures in solar years (often with some necessary margin of error) can be applied to a particular event.
Unless tied to historical records, dating by archaeological methods can only be relative -- such as stratigraphy, typology, , fluorine and nitrogen test, and radiometric assay.
Relative dating is the science of determining the relative order of past events (i.e, the age of an object in comparison to another), without necessarily determining their absolute age, (i.e. In geology rock or superficial deposits, fossils and lithologies can be used to correlate one stratigraphic column with another The difference between relative dating and absolute dating is that relative dating is a method of sequencing events in the order in which they happened.
technique in which artifacts or features are organized into a sequence according to changes over time in their attributes or frequency of appearance.
The technique shows how these items have changed over time and it is a way to establish chronology.
Once the variations in a particular object have been classified by typology, it can often be shown that they fall into a developmental series, sometimes in a single line, sometimes in branching lines more as in a family tree.
The order produced is theoretically chronological, but will need archaeological assessment.